Cfengine-Tutorial. AUTOMATED SYSTEM ADMINISTRATION. Kirk: “I’m curious, Doctor, why is it called the M5?” Daystrom: “Well you see, M1 to M4 were not. As we are using a single Ubuntu server in this tutorial, we’ll be using it both as a policy hub and as a client. To start CFEngine’s policy hub, you. Contribute to theofilis/tutorial-cfengine development by creating an account on GitHub.

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Cfengine has an intelligent locking and timeout policy which should be sufficient to handle hanging shell commands from previous crons so that no overlap can take place, See Spamming and security. Section names must all be taken from a list defined by the language.

Here at Oslo College, it seems that users are cffengine asking how they can open a file just for the one or two persons they wish to collaborate with.

Copy a single file to all users on the system, changing the owner of the file for each user automatically. The precise minute a which cfengine was started: The rdist command, for instance, tutorrial by forcing an image of the files on one server machine onto all clients. It also keeps a few special variables which affect the way in which cfengine works.

Upgrades of the operating system software might delete your carefully worked out configuration. Views Read Edit View history. Getting startedPrevious: Anyone could be allowed to run this program, it does not require any special user privileges.


If you use a unique naming scheme like the one advocated here, this is a trivial task. This file should contain every host name you ever want to configure remotely, because you can still select subsets of the file by specifying classes which the remote host will understand. In spite of this, even these systems have only awkard tools for manipulating ACLs.


Mount examplePrevious: Tidy delete junk files which clutter the system. Use the add-apt-repository command to do so:. See Unique filesystem mountpoints. But this is, and you can run it to get familiar with Cfengine Classes works like this: Note that you can change the value of the list separator using the split variable in the control section of the program see Reference manual.

cfengine-Tutorial – Informatique

Even so, DFS provides only interactive tools for examining and setting file permissions, and this is of little use to system administrators who would rather relegate that sort of thing to a script. Suppose that, before running this program, our test-file had permissions user: The action taken in response to a file which does not meet acceptable criteria is specified in the action directive.

When tidying users’ home directories it creates a log file of all files which were deleted on the last tidy operation. Also, since the permission bits, general options and programming interfaces are all different for each type of filesystem, we have to tell cfengine what the filesystem type is.

The example below looks for files matching a shell wildcard. NFS resources How does it work?

Learn – CFEngine

Simple accidents and careless actions under stress could result in, say, the password file being writable to ordinary users. What is needed is a separate record of all of the patches required on all of the systems on the network; a record which can be compared to the state of each host at any time and which a suitable engine can use to fix any deviations from that reference standard.

An slista list of scalar strings. Run cfengine from cron every hour on all your systems.


Run my example code to copy the file from cf-serverd: Clearly it is unnecessary to distinguish between the architecture platform types of the actual servers for user directories. Site configuration is about sharing and controlling resources.

What you must haveNext: Each filesystem is given a directory name composed of three parts: This can be done in three ways: Once this command completes tutorizl, you will have CFEngine fully configured and ready to use on your server.

This behaviour is designed to avoid race-conditions which can occur during network connections and indeed any operations which take some time.

Cfengine uses both the unqualified and fully host names as classes. In such an xfengine we can avoid using classes altogether. AND and OR, written. This means that you should structure the actionsequence so that all filesystems are mounted before any links are made.

Cfengin any rate it will either do the job once and for all or signal an error which must be corrected by human intervention 4. This gives us a compact way of writing repeated operations and it allows a simple method of communication with the shell environment.

Scheduling intervalPrevious: As a bonus it contains a text editing language which can be used to perform controlled edits of line-based text files.


Each time you run a script, the engine determines whether anything needs to be done — if nothing needs to be done, nothing is done! To summarize, you must have: A better way to approach the problem is to think of the cf. In the previous step, you ran the policy manually using the cf-agent command.