Arthrogryposis (arthrogryposis multiplex congenita – AMC) is not a separate disease entity, but is rather a descriptive diagnosis used to denote. Arthrogryposis (multiplex congenita) is a clinical or imaging descriptor that denotes congenital non-progressive joint contractures involving two or more body. Okt. Property, Value. Name: Artrogriposis multiple congenita. Description: Filename: Artrogriposis múltiple congénita Filesize: kB.

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Subdivisions of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita Amyoplasia distal arthrogryposis ptergium syndrome. Amyoplasia is common in one of monozygotic twins.

Disorders of periarticular structures An example of connective tissue abnormality resulting in joint contractures is a group of diseases called osteochondrodysplasias; clinical symptoms of arthrogryposis are observed in many of these: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in Western Australia. Olivo-ponto-cerebellar atrophy with muscular atrophy, joint contractures and pulmonary hypoplasia of prenatal onset. Myasthenia gravis of the mother leads also in rare cases to arthrogryposis.

A phenotypically identical congeniita of arthrogryposis can sometimes be caused by mutations of different genes [ 66 ]. New York, Hall JG. Isolated equinus deformity, congenital metatarsus adductus, pes equinovalgus, or pes calcaneovalgus deformities are occasionally seen approx.

AMC has been divided into three groups: AMC is present at birth congenital. Intelligence may or may not be affected.


Common symptoms include contractures of two or more areas of the body, less involvement of the proximal joints those joints closest to the center of the bodyand highly variable expressivity, which means that specific symptoms vary greatly even among individuals with the same disorder and even in the same family.


Deficiency of a skeletal muscle isoform of alpha-actinin alpha-actinin-3 in merosin-positive congenital muscular dystrophy. Classically, after reaching the maximum conservative correction plateausurgical interventions were undertaken; these include capsuloligamentotomy of the ankle, subtalar, and talonavicular joints, usually combined with resection not lengthening of the contracted tendons: People with AMC look their worst at birth.

Short-term experience with Ponseti casting and the Achilles tenotomy method for clubfeet treatment in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Radical soft-tissue release of the arthrogrypotic clubfoot.

All these methods are burdened with complication risks, e.

The central nervous system function is normal; the muscle tissue is often replaced with fatty and fibrous tissues. However, the parents of a child with arthrogryposis often artrogripoziw the greatest importance on independent ambulation and concentrate their attention on this ability in the treatment program [ 95 ].

Document Details | Artrogriposis multiple congenita

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The contractures are present at birth congenital. The surgical treatment of teratologic dislocation of the hip. D ICD – Types of arthrogryposis with a primary neurological or muscle disease belong to the syndromic group. A common, sporadic condition with congenital contractures. Peripheral neuropathies resulting in the development of joint contractures can also be caused by abnormal myelination or abnormal Schwann cell growth [ 3637 ].

Myogenic amyoplasia can be caused by a defect of myogenesis-regulating genes, resulting in normal development of the connective tissue muscle matrix, developing from lateral mesoderm with simultaneous abnormal development of myocytes, originating from mesodermal somites; these are replaced by adipocytes [ 40 ]. Surgical management of upper limb contractures The upper limb should be considered a functional unit.


Amyoplasia appears to be sporadic and not recur in families.

Arthrogryposis – Wikipedia

This mechanism has also been observed in certain forms of distal arthrogryposis [ 17 ]. There are recent reports on successful use of the Ponseti method in the management of equinovarus deformity in arthrogryposis [— ].

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to achieve better positioning and increase the range of motion in certain joints, especially the ankles, knees, hips, elbows, or wrists.

At least 10 different forms of distal arthrogryposis have been identified including Freeman-Sheldon syndrome, Gordon syndrome, trismus-pseudocamptodactyly syndrome, multiple pterygium syndrome and Sheldon-Hall syndrome.

Arthrogryposis: an update on clinical aspects, etiology, and treatment strategies

The knee in arthrogryposis. Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation. The abnormal gene can be inherited from either parent, or can be the result of a new mutation gene change only in the affected individual.

The treatment of bilateral hip dislocations in arthrogryposis multipke a subject of controversy: The diagnosis of distal arthrogryposis requires that two out of the described diagnostic criteria for upper and lower extremities are met.